All commands (A-Z) for Kali Linux - AndroGeek88


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All commands (A-Z) for Kali Linux

All commands (A-Z) for Kali Linux

All commands (A-Z) for Kali Linux


  • apropos- Search Help manual pages (man -k) 
  • apt-get- Search for and install software packages (Debian/Ubuntu) 
  • aptitude- Search for and install software packages (Debian/Ubuntu) 
  • aspell- Spell Checker 
  • awk- Find and Replace text, database sort/validate/index 


  • basename- Strip directory and suffix from filenames bash- GNU 
  • Bourne- Again SHell 
  • bc- Arbitrary precision calculator language 
  • bg- Send to background break- Exit from a loop
  • builtin- Run a shell builtin
  • bzip2- Compress or decompress named file(s) 


  • cal- Display a calendar
  • case- Conditionally perform a command
  • cat- Concatenate and print (display) the content of files
  • cd- Change Directory
  • cfdisk- Partition table manipulator for Linux
  • chgrp- Change group ownership
  • chmod- Change access permissions
  • chown- Change file owner and group
  • chroot- Run a command with a different root directory
  • chkconfig- System services (runlevel)
  • cksum- Print CRC checksum and byte counts
  • clear- Clear terminal screen
  • cmp- Compare two files
  • comm- Compare two sorted files line by line command- Run a command - ignoring shell functions.
  • continue- Resume the next iteration of a loop
  • cp- Copy one or more files to another location
  • cron- Daemon to execute scheduled commands
  • crontab- Schedule a command to run at a later time
  • csplit- Split a file into
  • context- determined pieces
  • cut- Divide a file into several parts


  • date- Display or change the date & time
  • dc- Desk Calculator
  • dd- Convert and copy a file, write disk headers, boot records
  • ddrescue- Data recovery tool
  • declare- Declare variables and give them attributes
  • df- Display free disk space
  • diff- Display the differences between two files
  • diff3- Show differences among three files
  • dig- DNS lookup
  • dir- Briefly list directory contents
  • dircolors- Colour setup for `ls'
  • dirname- Convert a full pathname to just a path
  • dirs- Display list of remembered directories
  • dmesg- Print kernel & driver messages
  • du- Estimate file space usage


  • echo- Display message on screen
  • egrep- Search file(s) for lines that match an extended expression
  • eject- Eject removable media
  • enable- Enable and disable builtin shell commands
  • env- Environment variables
  • ethtool- Ethernet card settings
  • eval- Evaluate several commands/arguments
  • exec- Execute a command
  • exit- Exit the shell
  • expect- Automate arbitrary applications accessed over a terminal
  • expand- Convert tabs to spaces
  • export- Set an environment variable
  • expr- Evaluate expressions


  • false- Do nothing, unsuccessfully
  • fdformat- Low-level format a floppy disk
  • fdisk- Partition table manipulator for Linux
  • fg- Send job to foreground
  • fgrep- Search file(s) for lines that match a fixed string
  • file- Determine file type
  • find- Search for files that meet a desired criteria
  • fmt- Reformat paragraph text
  • fold- Wrap text to fit a specified width.
  • for- Expand words, and execute commands
  • format- Format disks or tapes
  • free- Display memory usage
  • fsck- File system consistency check and repair 
  • ftp- File Transfer Protocol function Define Function Macros 
  • fuser- Identify/kill the process that is accessing a file 


  • gawk- Find and Replace text within file(s)
  • getopts- Parse positional parameters
  • grep- Search file(s) for lines that match a given pattern
  • groupadd- Add a user security group
  • groupdel- Delete a group
  • groupmod- Modify a group
  • groups- Print group names a user is in
  • gzip- Compress or decompress named file(s)


  • hash- Remember the full pathname of a name argument
  • head- Output the first part of file(s)
  • help- Display help for a built-in command
  • history- Command History
  • hostname- Print or set system name


  • iconv- Convert the character set of a file 
  • id- Print user and group id's
  • if- Conditionally perform a command
  • ifconfig- Configure a network interface
  • ifdown- Stop a network interface
  • ifup- Start a network interface up
  • import- Capture an X server screen and save the image to
  • file install- Copy files and set attributes


  • jobs- List active jobs
  • join- Join lines on a common field


  • kill- Stop a process from running
  • killall- Kill processes by name


  • less- Display output one screen at a time
  • let- Perform arithmetic on shell variables
  • ln- Create a symbolic link to a file
  • local- Create variables
  • locate- Find files
  • logname- Print current login name
  • logout- Exit a login shell
  • look- Display lines beginning with a given string
  • lpc- Line printer control program
  • lpr- Off line print
  • lprint- Print a file
  • lprintd- Abort a print job
  • lprintq- List the print queue
  • lprm- Remove jobs from the print queue
  • ls- List information about file(s)
  • lsof- List open files m make Recompile a group of programs man Help manual


  • mkdir- Create new folder(s)
  • mkfifo- Make FIFOs (named pipes)
  • mkisofs- Create an hybrid ISO9660/JOLIET/HFS filesystem
  • mknod- Make block or character special files
  • more- Display output one screen at a time
  • mount- Mount a file system
  • mtools- Manipulate MS-DOS files
  • mt- Network diagnostics (traceroute/ping)
  • mv- Move or rename files or directories
  • mmv- Mass Move and rename (files)


  • netstat- Networking information
  • nice- Set the priority of a command or job
  • nl- Number lines and write files
  • nohup- Run a command immune to hangups
  • notify- send Send desktop notifications
  • nslookup- Query Internet name servers interactively


  • open- Open a file in its default application
  • op- Operator access


  • passwd- Modify a user password
  • paste- Merge lines of files
  • pathchk- Check file name portability
  • ping- Test a network connection
  • pkill- Stop processes from running
  • popd- Restore the previous value of the current directory
  • pr- Prepare files for printing
  • printcap- Printer capability database
  • printenv- Print environment variables
  • printf- Format and print data
  • ps- Process status
  • pushd- Save and then change the current directory
  • pwd- Print Working Directory


  • quota- Display disk usage and limits
  • quotacheck- Scan a file system for disk usage
  • quotactl- Set disk quotas r ram ram disk device


  • rcp- Copy files between two machines
  • read- Read a line from standard input
  • readarray- Read from stdin into an array variable
  • readonly- Mark variables/functions as readonly
  • reboot- Reboot the system
  • rename- Rename files
  • renice- Alter priority of running processes
  • remsync- Synchronize remote files via email
  • return- Exit a shell function
  • rev- Reverse lines of a file
  • rm- Remove files
  • rmdir- Remove folder(s)
  • rsync- Remote file copy (Synchronize file trees)


  • screen- Multiplex terminal, run remote shells via ssh
  • scp- Secure copy (remote file copy)
  • sdiff- Merge two files interactively
  • sed- Stream Editor
  • select- Accept keyboard input
  • seq- Print numeric sequences
  • set- Manipulate shell variables and functions
  • sftp- Secure File Transfer Program
  • shift- Shift positional parameters
  • shopt- Shell Options
  • shutdown- Shutdown or restart linux
  • sleep- Delay for a specified time
  • slocate- Find files
  • sort- Sort text files
  • source- Run commands from a file
  • split- Split a file into
  • fixed- size pieces
  • ssh- Secure Shell client (remote login program)
  • strace- Trace system calls and signals
  • su- Substitute user identity
  • sudo- Execute a command as another user
  • sum- Print a checksum for a file
  • suspend- Suspend execution of this shell
  • symlink- Make a new name for a file
  • sync- Synchronize data on disk with memory


  • tail- Output the last part of file
  • tar- Tape ARchiver
  • tee- Redirect output to multiple files
  • test- Evaluate a conditional expression
  • time- Measure Program running time
  • times- User and system times
  • touch- Change file timestamps
  • top- List processes running on the system
  • traceroute- Trace Route to Host
  • trap- Run a command when a signal is set(bourne)
  • tr- Translate, squeeze, and/or delete characters
  • true- Do nothing, successfully
  • tsort- Topological sort
  • tty- Print filename of terminal on
  • stdin type- Describe a command


  • ulimit- Limit user resources
  • umask- Users file creation mask
  • umount- Unmount a device
  • unalias- Remove an alias
  • uname- Print system information
  • unexpand- Convert spaces to tabs
  • uniq Uniquify- files
  • units- Convert units from one scale to another
  • unset- Remove variable or function names
  • unshar- Unpack shell archive scripts until Execute commands (until error)
  • uptime- Show uptime
  • useradd- Create new user account
  • userdel- Delete a user account
  • usermod- Modify user account
  • users- List users currently logged in
  • uuencode- Encode a binary file
  • uudecode- Decode a file created by uuencode


  • v- Verbosely list directory contents (`ls -l -b')
  • vdir- Verbosely list directory contents (`ls -l -b')
  • vi- Text Editor
  • vmstat- Report virtual memory statistics


  • wait-Wait for a process to complete 
  • watch- Execute/display a program periodically
  • wc- Print byte, word, and line counts
  • whereis- Search the user's $path, man pages and source files for a program
  • which- Search the user's $path for a program file
  • while- Execute commands who- Print all usernames currently logged in
  • whoami- Print the current user id and name (`id -un') 
  • wget- Retrieve web pages or files via HTTP, HTTPS or FTP 
  • write- Send a message to another user


  • xargs- Execute utility, passing constructed argument list(s)
  • yes- Print a string until interrupted.

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